This article explains the esoteric meaning of the hexagon. It’s quite in-depth. If you’re short of time, or can’t be bothered to read right now, check out the truncated version: the symbolic meaning of hexagons.
Of all the geometric shapes in sacred geometry, the hexagon is arguably the most powerful. And fascinating. The six-sided geometric shape is found in many spiritual symbols such as the Star of David, The Tree of Life in the Kabbalah and the Hagal Rune composed by ancient tribes of northern Europe.
The Star of David, also known as the Seal of Solomon, is believed to be one of the oldest symbols ever used. Although its origin is unknown, it probably existed long before it was incorporated into the philosophies of Judaism.
You find the hexagon in the centre of the Star of David. It is the sacred geometry formed by the interlocking of two triangles – the upward-pointing triangle representing positive/male energy, and the downward-facing triangle representing negative/female energy.
That is not to say that men are positive and women are negative. It is merely the expression of energetic charges; the positive and negative charges in electromagnetic energy and atoms; protons and electrons.
For instance, the atom is made from positive particles known as protons (male energy) and negative particles known as electrons (female energy). Atoms have an equal number of electrons as there are protons in order to find stability and balance.
Electrons also ‘mate’ with protons. In alchemy, this process is sometimes referred to as the ‘chemical union.’
Well, that’s the scientific meaning of balance represented by the hexagon, but it’s not really that useful. The honey of the hexagon is revealed when you explore the esoteric meaning of the hexagon from the perspective of psychology.
This is when you can use symbols as a tool to guide you through life.
When you balance emotional intelligence with reason, you evoke the forces governed by the universal laws of nature. Channel your energies and you become the creator of the reality you imagine yourself to be.
“The more concentrated it is, the more power is brought to bear on one point, and that is the secret.” ~ Swami Vivekananda
In the Kabbalah, you find a complex system that uses sacred geometry to explain the meaning of life. In its most basic form, this system of mathematics and geometric shapes is known as the Sephirot – or more commonly the tree of life.
However, the end product that sprouts from the Tree of Life is the Flower of Life. Hidden in the patterned network of circles is the fruit of life which is said to open the gateway to higher consciousness.
The Fruit of Life is composed of 13 circles within the pattern of the flower of life. It is the same pattern as the Hagel Rune from Nordic traditions.
The number 13 is also synonymous with unity and the transition between the physical realm and the spiritual realm.
This is why we often find the number 13 expressed throughout many ancient cultures as 12 around the one:
Furthermore, the 12 Gods in Greek, Roman and Zoroastrian myths represent the 12 personality archetypes of an individual. The reference to 13 augurs a man that has integrated the 12 archetypes and discovered his True Nature.
We see this more clearly in the theory of psycho-analyst, Carl G. Jung, in the 20th Century. Jung outlined 12 archetypes which he believed to be the key attributes to adopt to become complete. Jung was heavily influenced by ancient teachings.
When you draw straight lines through the centre of each of the 13 circles, it forms a six-pointed star – the basis of a hexagon when you join all the edges together.
The crudest and most beautiful depiction of a hexagon is the six-pointed star. In its most striking form is the crystallisation of water which is demonstrated in an experiment conducted by Dr. Masaru Emoto.
In its most crude form is the Hagal Rune devised by the ancient shamans of the Nordic tribes. This ancient symbol bears a striking resemblance to the image of the water crystals. It should come as no surprise the ancients got the idea for the Rune from nature.
The Hagal Rune also appears like a conceptual star. The scientific community believe many of the elements found on Earth were originally formed in stars and released as the stars burnt out and died.
We find the same pattern used by the Nordic tribes of northern Europe buried in the flower of life. In the Kabbalah, it is called the ‘fruit of life.’
The fruit of life is referred to as the ‘fruit of spirit’ in Christianity. The fruit of spirit relates to the nine virtues of man according to the Apostle Paul in his letter to Galatians; love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.
The verse in Galatians 5:23 goes on to state: ‘against such things there is no law.’
In other words, the nine attributes are what comprise man’s True Nature. When you master your emotions you become complete, and the mirror-image of the hexagon becomes one. The True Self returns to the “source”.
We hear the word “source” a lot in new-age spirituality. But what is the source?
When hexagons reveal themselves to you, it’s a sign to take notice of unconscious content awakening in your conscious mind.
This wisdom is revealed in the triangles that come together to create the Star of David. We are told that the two connecting triangles are the union of male (upward-facing triangle) and female (the downward-facing triangle).
The esoteric meaning lying veiled beneath this explanation relates to the wisdom of the unconscious penetrating the conscious mind; the emergence of waking consciousness you were previously unaware of.
“The number 6 is most skilled in begetting, for it is even and uneven, partaking both of the active nature on account of the uneven, and of the hylical nature on account of the even, for which reason the ancients also named it marriage imd harmony … And they say also that it is both male and female … And another says that the number six is soul-producing because it multiplies itself into the world-sphere, and because in it the opposites are mingled.” ~ Carl Jung, The Practice of Psychology, CW 16. par 451
The “Alchemical Marriage” symbolically describes how thoughts program your subconscious. It’s common knowledge today that the subconscious responds to the power of your thoughts.
In mythology, fatherly, male characters symbolically represent the mind. Mothers and other female characters or symbols relate to the unconscious.
From an esoteric viewpoint, the upward-facing triangle is the active power or seed of man; logical thinking, analytical thought, reasoning courage and willpower. It is your thoughts – the seeds – that “impregnate” your subconscious mind; the feminine.
You may have read that the downward-facing triangle is “passive energy,” “the receptive element”, or “womb of the feminine”. Now you know the down-facing triangle represents the subconscious, you can see what the esoteric meaning of the hexagon is. It makes much more sense than the misleading fragments offered by other sources doesn’t it?
The number six is commonly known as a number of the weak-willed. The infamous 666 is assigned as the ‘number of the beast’ to represent individuals that are controlled by their animal nature in body, mind and spirit (conscious mind, personal unconscious and superconscious).
A weakness of man is the inability to overcome temptations. Cravings are the basic instincts of your lower-conscious nature. When the mind is unable to overcome urges that rush up from the subconscious, you are bound to the material world.
In the tarot, the Devil card of the Rider-Waite deck depicts the Beast holding a man and woman captive. Around their neck is a shackle and chain. But the shackle is loose enough for them to take off – if they were aware of the possibility and had the will to do so.
The hexagon, and the six, is an opportunity for you to identify your weaknesses (or sins) and upgrade your personal programs with good qualities.
You can identify your strengths and weaknesses in the archetypal energies reflected in world mythologies. The pantheon of 12 gods represents human nature and shows us which aspects of consciousness we have mastered, which we need to develop and which need to be deflated and brought into balance. The gods can be helpful, magical and brave, but also jealous, spiteful and vicious.
Negative traits that express the six are disconnection, being hypocritical, weak-minded, shallow, submissive, restless, selfish and easily stressed.
On the flip side, the number six is connected to healing. One form of healing is through self-realisation, recognising unconscious content and integrating it into the conscious mind.
These character traits are present in the archetype of the Sage which I associate with the Greek God Apollo. Apollo was born on the sixth day of March. His son, Asclepius is the god of healing.
Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Athena and Hermes are also associated with the number six, all of whom share a connection with knowledge, wisdom or healing.
Can you see how exoteric symbolism pieces together to reveal esoteric secrets?
One last thing. Men have to nurture the passive feminine principle of feelings (Jung’s anima), and women have to integrate the active masculine principle of the creative mind (Jung’s animus). This is how you cultivate balance and healing.
Because the personal unconscious is often programmed with poor information the ego responds to, developing self-awareness is a challenge many people fail to overcome.
Whilst wisdom can be reached through self-analysis, reason and logic, you will come to a point of self-realisation much easier and quicker if you are guided by esoteric symbolism.