The cross is one of the oldest known symbols and predates Christianity by at least 5000 years, probably more.
Thus the cross has taken on several forms over the centuries. It is found on the walls of pre-historic caves featured as two crossing marks of equal length. When encased in a circle it is known as the solar cross. It represents the element of fire.
The cross was later reshaped into the more familiar Christian cross we find today with a longer lower rim. The ancient Egyptians rounded the upper portion of their cross to make the Ankh, and the pagan Celtic Cross was given a disc to centre the point where the two rods meet.
The Latin Cross is the most recognised symbol used by the Christian Church today, but its origins pre-date Christianity by at least several thousand years.
The Judaeo-Christian religion adopted the cross in the second century and was used to ward off demons – just as the pagans had done. In Norse mythology, the symbol was also a magical symbol that diverted evil and brought good luck.
It was during the time of Emperor Constantine at the Council of Nicaea in 324AD that Christianity adopted the Latin Cross we know today as their principle symbol of Jesus.
The cross replaced the vesica piscis or ‘Ichthus’ fish which Jesus was originally associated with and went on to become the most widely recognised motif in the world today. It is sometimes found with a dead man nailed to it!
One of the crosses principle meanings is not widely known. The two single shafts that make up the cross represent male and female, thus signify balance.
An extension of this is the cross represents fertility, thus the intimate union of male and female which create new life. Therefore the symbolic meaning of the Latin cross is a sex symbol. Science has since discovered that when the penis pushes into the vulva it makes a T shape.
The Tau cross is shaped like a T and is equal to the letter X from the Phoenician alphabet, also another way of depicting the cross in iconography.
The Tau cross was borrowed by the early Christian Church and dedicated to St. Anthony who was part of the St Franciscan Order - whom it appears was into psychedelics. He is also the patron saint of pregnant women.
Christians are familiar with the cross representing salvation. When Jesus is resurrected, he overcomes death, thus the cross represents immortality. But another meaning we can draw from the crucifixion is that Jesus nailed to the cross represents the seven chakras and Christ is the third eye.
It is when Jesus dies and is resurrected that he becomes the supreme being and reconnects with the ‘Father’. Eastern philosophy describes this process as reaching the ‘Absolute Truth.’
Buddhists describe this scenario as Nirvana, whereby you no longer feel suffering or desire and are released from the karmic effects of death and rebirth. For monks, this is the ultimate goal.